Original Name : Newfoundland
Type : Molossoid
Male size : Approximately 28 inches
Male weight : Approximately 150 lbs
Female size : Approximately 26 inches
Female weight : Approximately 119 lbs
Degree of grooming :
Countries of origin : Canada
Newfoundlands are gentle, cheerful, good natured dogs with oodles of enterprise and dynamism. These are docile, unfazed animals with a genuine dignified air about them.
Massive, but there is a difference in sexes in favor of the male.
Massive across the board. Viewed from the side, deep and vigorous.
Black, white and black, brown.
Relatively small, triangular, with rounded tips.
Hanging, sometimes with a slight curve at the tip, reaching to the hocks or a little farther.
Water resistant double coat, with straight mid-length topcoat without any curling.
Originally bred from indigenous dogs on the Canadian island of the same name and the big black bear dog brought by the Vikings after 1100, the Newfoundland was gradually given a new lease of life by various breeds introduced by European fishermen. However, the essential characteristics remained the same. By the time colonization of the island began in 1610, Newfoundlands already looked and behaved much as they do today. Well suited to cope with the island’s extreme climate and icy waters, due to their powerful, muscular bodies and great coordination, they soon became valuable water dogs and rescue dogs.
It’s in water that Newfoundlands are really in their element. They are excellent swimmers, thanks to a strong tail that is broad at the base, functioning as a rudder. The tail hangs straight with a slight upward curve at the tip when they are excited or in action, but it never curls over the back or curves inward toward the legs.